Canyon Springs High School


APUS History (Period 1,3,5)

Mrs. Diane Donald
Fall 2013
Spring 2014
Social Science


Upcoming Assignments

No upcoming assignments.

Past Assignments


I posted many new files for studying for the AP test.  Please open and look at these files and study!  Also there is tutoring Mon-Thurs. everyday after school until the test, please join us.  There will be no tutoring this Wednesday 4/9, sorry.


I have attached new files 3 new AP review manuals/packets
AP1, AP2, APUSH Review Manual
plus a link to  US History timelines
Study, Study, Study:)


Chap 39 – The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980


Richard Nixon

Spiro Agnew

Henry Kissinger

Warren Burger

Rachel Carson

George McGovern

John Dean III

Gerald Ford

Phyllis Schlafley

Jimmy Carter

Thurgood Marshall

Mohammed Reza Pahlevi (Shah of iran)

Leonid Brezhnev


Revenue sharing

Executive privilege


Nixon Doctrine

My Lai massacre

Cambodian incursion

Kent State killings

Anti-Ballistic Missiles (ABM)

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)

Clean Air Act

War powers Act

Energy crisis


Watergate scandal


Twenty-fifth amendment

Saturday Night Massacre

Helsinki accords

Title IX

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

Roe v. Wade

Bakke case

Wounded Knee

National Organization for Women (NOW)

Camp David agreement

SALT II treaty

Iranian hostage crisis


  1. Which was more important in creating the mood of public disillusionment in the 1970s: Watergate, the loss of Vietnam, or economic woes?


Chap. 38 – The Stormy Sixties, 1960-1968


John F. Kennedy

Robert F. Kennedy

Robert S. McNamara

Lyndon B. Johnson

Michael Harrington

Malcolm X

Stokely Carmichael

J. William Fulbright

George Wallace

Flexible response

Credibility gap

New Frontier

Peace Corps

Bay of Pigs

Cuban Missile Crisis

Alliance for Progress

Freedom Rides

March on Washington

War on Poverty

Great Society

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Voting Rights Act of 1965

“black power”

Six-Day War

Operation Rolling Thunder

“hawks” and “doves”

Tet offensive

“Beat” poets

Students for a Democratic Society


  1. Compare and contrast John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson as presidential leaders. In what ways were they similar, and in what ways were they different? Which do you consider the better president and why? Should either of them be ranked among America’s “ten best” presidents? Why or why not?
  2. Explain and evaluate the culture and counter culture movements of the 1960s. Be sure to include all movements.


Chap 37 Ids & Questions The Eisenhower Era, 1952-1960


Betty Friedan

Billy Graham

Dwight Eisenhower

Joseph McCarthy

Martin Luther King Jr.

Richard Nixon

Ho Chi Minh

Ngo Dinh Diem

Nikita Khrushchev

Fidel Castro

John F. Kennedy

“cult of domesticity”



“massive retaliation”

“spirit of Camp David”

“rocket (Sputnik) fever”

The Feminine Mystique


Brown v. Board of Education

Checkers speech

Army-McCarthy hearings

Montgomery bus boycott


Suez crisis

Eisenhower Doctrine

U-2 incident

National Defense Education Act

Twenty-second amendment


  1. How did the new American affluence and the Cold War shape American domestic life in the 1950s?
  2. Critically evaluate President Eisenhower’s response to
    1. The fall of Dienbienphu
    2. The Hungarian revolt
    3. The Suez Crisis
    4. Castro’s revolution in Cuba
    5. What signs of dissent and rebellion were evident amidst the literary culture of the 1950s?


Chap 36 Ids & Questions – The Cold War Begins, 1945-1952

Harry S. Truman

George F. Kennan

Douglas MacArthur

Joseph McCarthy

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Reinhold Niebuhr

J. Robert Oppenheimer

Dwight Eisenhower

Richard M. Nixon

Yalta Conference

Cold War

United Nations Security Council

Nuremberg Trials

Iron curtain

Berlin airlift

“Containment doctrine”

Truman Doctrine

Marshall Plan

National Security Act

White flight

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Taft-Hartley Act

House Committee on Un-American Activities

McCarran Act

Atomic Energy Commission

Fair Deal

Hydrogen bomb


Thirty-eighth parallel


  1. To what degree do you think each of the following contributed to the Cold War?
    1. President Truman’s style
    2. The Soviet Union’s security interests
    3. American expectations for the postwar world


  1. What motivated the large-scale postwar migration to the Sunbelt and the suburbs? To what extent was this movement a result of social changes like the baby boom, and to what extent was it a result of deliberate federal policies like federal housing loans, military spending, and the interstate highway system?
  2. What was the impact of suburban living on American women? How did it affect American men? In what ways did it plant the seeds for later social change?





Top of Form

Chap 35 – America in World War II, 1941-1945
Henry Stimson
A. Philip Randolph
Douglas MacArthur
Chester W. Nimitz
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Joseph Stalin
Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek)
Harry S. Truman
Albert Einstein
War Production Board
Office of Price Administration
“Rosie the Riveter”
Fair Employment Practices Commission
Casablanca Conference
Second front
Teheran Conference
Battle of the Bulge
Yalta Conference
Potsdam Conference
Manhattan Project
1. How did World War II affect
a. The role of the national government in American life?
b. The relationship between government and the economy?
c. Minority groups?
2. World War II is sometimes called “the good war.” Is this a legitimate designation? What features of the war most obviously make it seem “good”? What aspects of the war were morally troubling?


Bottom of Form




Chapter 34 – Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Shadow of War, 1933-1941

Cordell Hull

Joseph Stalin

Benito Mussolini

Adolf Hitler

Francisco Franco

Winston Churchill

Charles Lindbergh

Wendell Willkie




London Economic Conference

Good Neighbor policy

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act

Nazi party

Rome-Berlin axis

Invasion of Ethiopia

Neutrality Acts

Spanish Civil War

China incident

“Quarantine Speech”

Hitler-Stalin nonaggression pact


“phony war”

Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies

America First Committee

Destroyers-for-bases deal


Nye Committee



1. Discuss and analyze at least three basic issues responsible for causing World War II.


2. Assess President Roosevelt’s conduct of American foreign policy after 1935. When and why did he move from isolationism to interventionism in the European war? (also do you think that he purposely led the U.S. into war, why or why not).



Unit 5 Test Chap 28-33 DBQ


Unit 5 Test Chap 28-33 FRQ


Unit 5 Test Chap 28-33 Multiple choice test


Chap 33 – The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1933-1939


Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt

Harry Hopkins

Frances Perkins

Father Coughlin

Huey long

Mary McLeod Bethune

Harold Ickes

George W. Norris

John L. Lewis

New Deal

Brain Trust

Hundred Days

The “Three Rs”

Glass-Steagall Act

Civilian Conservation Corps

Works Progress Administration

National Recovery Act

Schechter case

Public Works Administration

Agricultural Adjustment Act

Dust Bowl

Securities and Exchange Commission

Tennessee Valley Authority

Federal Housing Authority

Social Security Act

Wagner Act

National Labor Relations Board

Congress of Industrial Organizations

Liberty League

Court-packing plan



Essay Questions – FRQs: Do both questions


1. “The New Deal secured the support of labor and agriculture after 1932 as the Republican party had secured the support of industry and commerce since 1920 – with special interest programs giving financial aid, legal privileges, and other types of assistance.” Assess the validity of this statement, giving attention to both periods (1920-1932 and 1932-1940).


2. Identify THREE of the following New Deal measures and analyze the ways in which each of the three attempted to fashion a more stable economy and a more equitable society.


            Agricultural Adjustment Act

            Securities and Exchange Commission

            Wagner National Labor Relations Act

            Social Security Act


Chap 32 - The Politics of Boom and Bust, 1920-1932

Warren G. Harding

Charles Evans Hughes

Andrew Mellon

Herbert Hoover

Albert B. Fall

Harry M. Daugherty

Charles R. Forbes

Calvin Coolidge

Robert La Follette

Alfred E. Smith

“Ohio Gang”

Trade associations

American Legion

Washington Conference

Kellogg-Briand Pact

Fordney-McCumber Tariff

Teapot Dome

McNary-Haugen Bill

Progressive Party

Dawes Plan


Hawley-Smoot Tariff

Black Tuesday

Muscle Shoals Bill

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

Bonus army

Stimson doctrine


1. Describe the relationship among American tariff policy, war debts and reparations, and the Great Depression. Explain why the federal government adopted the tariff and debt-repayment policies it did. Assess the wisdom of these policies.


2. In the years 1900-1920 progressivism enjoyed widespread support among the American public. Why were progressives of the 1920s, including La Follette’s progressive party, so uninfluential? What happened to progressives and their ideals?


3. It has been said that the 1920s saw a shift from the “old” Republican philosophy of small government to a new belief that government ought to actively aid business. What evidence is there for this view? In what ways did Republican presidents continue to believe that government should keep “hands off” the economy?





Chapter 31 – American Life in the “Roaring Twenties,” 1919-1929

Ids & Chapters


A. Mitchell Palmer

Al Capone

John T. Scopes

William JenningsBryan

Clarence Darrow

Andrew Mellon

Henry Ford

Fredrick W. Taylor

Charles Lindbergh

Margaret Sanger

Sigmund Freud

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Ernest Hemingway

Sinclair Lewis

William Faulkner


Cultural pluralism

Progressive education

Red Scare

Sacco and Vanzetti case

Ku Klux Klan

The Birth of a Nation

Immigration Quota Act

Volstead Act



United Negro Improvement Association

The Great Gatsby


1. Do you think that the 1920s should be most noted as a decade of anxiety and intolerance or a decade of cultural innovation and liberation? What were the deepest forces shaping American culture in this period?


2. Some historians have considered the tensions of the 1920s in terms of a rural backlash against a rising urban America. Do you agree with this proposition? Why or why not?


3. What part did African American artists, writers, and musicians play in the new culture of the 1920s? How do you explain this burst of cultural creativity at a time when most blacks were still oppressed and segregated?


Chap 30 – The War to End War, 1917-1918

Ids & Questions


George Creel

Eugene V. Debs

Bernard Baruch

Herbert Hoover

Alice Paul

Henry Cabot Lodge

Warren G. Harding


Collective security



Zimmermann note

Fourteen Points

League of Nations

Committee on Public Information

Espionage and Sedition acts

Schenck v. United States

Industrial Workers of the World

War Industries Board

Nineteenth Amendment

Eighteenth Amendment



Big Four

Treaty of Versailles


1. Summarize the impact of American participation in World War I on

            a. the national economy

            b. civil liberties

            c. public attitudes


2. Summarize President Wilson’s Fourteen Points. Which were substantially attained as a result of American participation in World War I? Which were not? Why?


3. Why did the United States fail to join the League of Nations? Consider the role of

Wilson himself, Henry Cabot lodge, the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, American political traditions.



Chap 29 - Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad, 1912-1916

Ids & Questions


Woodrow Wilson

Louis D. Brandeis

Victoriano Huerta

Pancho Villa

John J. Pershing

Kaiser Wilhehm II

New Nationalism

New Freedom

Underwood Tariff Bill

Sixteenth Amendment

Federal Reserve Act

Federal Trade Commission Act

Clayton Act

Federal Farm Loan Act

Workingmen’s Compensation Act

ABC Powers


Central Powers






1. Compare and Contrast Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Wilson’s New Freedom programs. Which seems to you to be the more realistic response to industrialization? Why?


2. Critically evaluate Woodrow Wilson’s personal qualities as well as his presidential leadership and policies. How did his personality affect his policies and their outcome?


3. It has been said that despite his intentions and idealistic pronouncements, “Woodrow Wilson’s Latin American and Caribbean policy became simply an extension of Roosevelt’s ‘big stick’.” Do you agree? Why or why not?


Pick one of the essay questions from Chapter 28 and answer turn in on Monday.  Monday we have a guest speaker on Coal Mining


Chap 28 – Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt, 1901-1912 Ids & Questions


Henry Demarest Lloyd

Thorstein Veblen

Jacob Riis

Lincoln Steffens

Theodore Dreiser

Ida Tarbell

Robert M. La Follette

Hiram Johnson

Frances Willard

Florence Kelley

Upton Sinclair

John Muir

Gifford Pinchot

Eugene V. Debs

William Howard Taft

Richard Ballinger






“rule of reason”


Seventeenth Amendment

Eighteenth Amendment

Elkins Act

Hepburn Act

Women’s Trade Union League

Muller v. Oregon

Lochner v. New York

Triangle Shirtwaist fire

The Jungle

Pure Food and Drug Act

Newlands Act

Sierra Club

YosemiteNational Park

Dollar diplomacy

New Nationalism

Ballinger-Pinchot affair


1. Theodore Roosevelt is sometimes called the “first modern president.” Interpret this phrase and explain how it fits Roosevelt’s conduct of the office.


2. In the view of progressives, what was wrong with American society? What solutions did they propose to address social problems? Be specific.


3. Progressives believed that “the cure for the ills of democracy was more democracy.” How did progressive reforms attempt to bring “more democracy” to American society and government? In what areas were their reforms most successful? In what areas did they largely fail to succeed?



Unit 4 test Chapters 22-27 DBQ


Unit 4 test Chapters 22-27 FRQ


Unit 4 test Chapters 22-27 multiple choice test


Chap 27 – Empire and Expansion, 1890-1909


Alfred Thayer Mahan

James G. Blaine

Richard Olney

Valeriano Weyler

Dupuy de Lome

Theodore Roosevelt

George Dewey

Emilio Aguinaldo

William Howard Taft

John Hay

Philippe Bunau-Varilla



Guerrilla warfare

Spheres of influence

“yellow peril”

Yellow journalism

Pan-American Conference


Teller Amendment

Rough Riders

Treaty of Paris – which one?

Anti-Imperialist League

Foraker Act

Insular cases

Platt Amendment

Philippine insurrection

Open Door notes

Boxer Rebellion

Big-stick diplomacy

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

Panama Canal

Roosevelt Corollary

Russo-Japanese War

Portsmouth Conference

Gentlemen’s Agreement

Great White Fleet


 Chap 27 questions

1. Assess the wisdom of

            a. the Teller Amendment

            b. the Platt Amendment

            c. The Supreme Court’s decisions in the insular cases


2. What do you consider the most important domestic and foreign-policy consequences of the Spanish-American War? Why?


3. Assess Theodore Roosevelt’s conduct of American foreign policy, especially in Latin America and Asia. Did it result in more harm than good to all concerned, or vice versa? Justify your conclusion.




Chap 26 – The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, 1865-1896

Ids & Questions

Sitting Bull

George A. Custer

Chief Joseph


Helen Hunt Jackson

William F. Cody

Mary Elizabeth Lease

Fredrick Jackson Turner

Eugene V. Debs

William McKinley

William Jennings Bryan

Sioux Wars

Nez Perce

Ghost Dance

Battle of Wounded Knee

Dawes Severalty Act

Little Big Horn

Buffalo Soldiers

Comstock Lode

Homestead Act

Sooner State

Safety-valve theory

Bonanza farms

National Grange

Granger Laws

Farmers’ Alliance

Colored Farmers’ National Alliance

Populist (People’s) Party

Pullman Strike

Cross of Gold Speech

Gold Standard Act

Dingley Tariff bill

Coxey’s Army


  1. Populists often charged that there was conspiracy between government and big business aimed at holding down farmers and workers, and the federal courts were only the tools of banks and big business. What evidence did they cite for this charge? Does this argument convince you, why or why not?
  2. If you lived at this time, which would you have most wanted to join: the mining frontier, the ranching frontier, or the farming frontier? Why?
  3. The authors contend that “American history cannot be properly understood unless it is viewed in light of the westward-moving experience.” Do you agree? Why or why not? What unique contributions did the frontier make to American life?


Chap 25 – America Moves to the City, 1865-1900

Ids & Questions

Jane Addams

Florence Kelley

Dwight Lyman Moody

James Gibbons

Booker T. Washington

W.E.B. Du Bois

William James

Henry George

Horatio Alger

Mark Twain

Carrie Chapman Catt

Charles W. Eliot

Emily Dickinson

Henry Adams

Jack London

Theodore Dreiser

Victoria Woodhull

Settlement house

New immigration

Social Gospel


Talented tenth

Land-grant colleges

Macy’s/Marshall Field’s

Hull House

The Origin of Species

Salvation Army

Christian Science

Chautauqua movement

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

Morrill Act

Progress and Poverty

Comstock Law

Women’s Christian Temperance Movement



  1. Cite at least one figure in each of the following categories and describe the major theme of his or her work. Then tell why you think your choice reflects the reality of life in the late nineteenth century in each case:

    a. Journalism and popular writing

    b. Serious novels and poetry

    c. Sculpture and architecture

    2. What was the impact of industrialization and urbanization on late-nineteenth-century American churches, schools, and family life? Cite at least two changes wrought on each of these institutions during this period.

3. The text’s authors allege that “women were growing more independent in the urban environment of the cities” in the late nineteenth century. What did the city environment have to do with women’s liberation and what forms did their new independence take?



Chap 24 – Industry Comes of Age, 1865-1900

Ids & Questions


Leland Stanford

Collis P. Huntington

James J. Hill

Cornelius Vanderbilt

Jay Gould

Alexander Graham Bell

Thomas Edison

Andrew Carnegie

John D. Rockefeller

J. Pierpont Morgan

Terence Powderly

Samuel Gompers

Philip Armour

William Graham Sumner

Russell Conwell

Herbert Spencer

James Buchanan Duke

Land grant

Stock watering



Vertical integration

Horizontal integration


Interlocking directorate

Capital goods



Company town


Closed shop

Union Pacific Railroad

Central Pacific Railroad


Wabash case

Bessemer process

United States Steel

Gospel of wealth

Sherman Act

New South

Interstate Commerce Act

National Labor Union

Haymarket Riot

American Federation of Labor


1. Compare and contrast the methods used by late-nineteenth-century corporations to control competition – especially the pool, trust, interlocking directorate, and vertical integration.


2. Compare and contrast the National Labor Union, Knights of Labor, and the American Federation of Labor in regard to their origins, goals, and leadership. Account for the failure of the first two and for the success of the AFL.


3. What are the arguments used by “survival of the fittest” theorists like William Graham Sumner and Herbert Spencer to justify harsh business practices? Why is it unfair and misleading to call their theories “social Darwinism” or is it?


Chap 23 – Politics in the Gilded Age, 1869-1896

Ids & Questions


Ulysses S. Grant

Jim Fisk

Jay Gould

Thomas Nast

Horace Greeley

Jay Cooke

Roscoe Conkling

Rutherford B. Hayes

Samuel Tilden

James A. Garfield

Chester A. Arthur

Grover Cleveland

Benjamin Harrison

William McKinley

William JenningsBryan

J. P. Morgan

Soft/cheap money

Hard/sound money


Gilded Age

Spoils system

Crop-lien system

Pork-barrel bills

People’s Party (Populists)

Grandfather clause

The “bloody shirt”

Tweed Ring

Credit Mobilier

“Crime of ‘73”

Bland-Allison Act

Greenback Labor party

Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)



Compromise of 1877

Pendleton Act


Plessy v. Ferguson

Jim Crow

Chinese Exclusion Act

Sherman Silver Purchase Act

McKinley Tariff


1. What explains the rise of the Populist Party in the 1890s? Were the Populists reflecting only farmers’ discontent, or did they express a deeper disaffection with the weaknesses of the two-party system?


2. What were the causes and effects of the depression of the 1890s?


3. How did racial issues, including Chinese immigration, affect economic and political developments of the Gilded Age?


Chap 22 The Ordeal of Reconstruction, 1865-1877

Ids and Questions


Freedmen’s Bureau


Wade-Davis Bill

10 percent plan

Moderate/radical Republicans

Black Codes


Civil Rights Act

Fourteenth Amendment

Reconstruction Act

Fifteenth Amendment



Ku Klux Klan

Force Acts

Tenure of Office Act

“Seward’s Folly”


1. What were the key elements of President Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction policies that stirred objections from Congressional Republicans? Why did congressional leaders so strongly object to those policies?

2. Radical Republicans have been both credited with having high ideals and accused of crass partisanship as motives for their Reconstruction policies. Which argument do you find more persuasive? Why?

3. It has been wryly observed that “the North won the Civil War, but the South won Reconstruction.” Interpret this statement and assess its truth.




Key ideas are:


Who is in charge of readmitting the states back into the Union? President because states were in rebellion (President, commander and chief of the armed forces) or Congress because they left and have to be readmitted (under Northwest Ordinance)


How does the United States integrate freed black Americans into society?



Chapter 21 Ids & Questions

Andrew Johnson

John Wilkes Booth

Robert E. lee

Ulysses S. Grant

George B. McClellan

William T. Sherman

George B. Meade

Salmon P. Chase

David G. Farragut

Merrimack (the Virginia)


Emancipation Proclamation

Thirteenth Amendment


First Battle of Bull Run

Second Battle of Bull Run

Battle of Antietam

Peninsula Campaign

Battle of Gettysburg

Battle of Vicksburg

Gettysburg Address



  1. Explain the economic, military, and diplomatic results of the Union victory and Confederate defeat in the Civil War.  What do you think was the main reason that the South lost? Explain your choice.
  2. Explain why General Sherman conducted the devastating “march to the sea.”  Explain in what ways this was like conducting modern “total war.”
  3. To what extent did the Civil War slow the United States Industrial Revolution, or did it help usher in modern America?



Chap 20 – Girding for War: The North and the South, 1861-1865

Ids & Questions


Napoleon III


Clara Barton

William H. Seward

Edwin M. Stanton

Jefferson Davis

Abraham Lincoln

Morrill Tariff Act

National Banking Act

Trent Affair


King Cotton

Draft Riots

Martial law

Border States


“Johnny Reb”

“Billy Yank”

Union Confederacy

Indian Territory


1.  Assess the validity of the following statement, “the South’s devotion to states’ rights was a major reason for its failure to win the Civil War.”


2.  The Civil War began in 1861.  Why was it 1863 before Lincoln committed the Union to the emancipation of slaves?


3.  To what extent was President Lincoln justified in his violations of ordinary civil liberties during the Civil War?  Why or why not?


4.  Identify the significance of the Border States to both the North and the South.  How did they influence the shaping of Union strategy?





Chap 19 – Drifting Toward Disunion, 1854-1861

Ids & Questions


Harriet Beecher Stowe

Hinton R. Helper

John Brown

James Buchanan

Charles Sumner

John C. Fremont

Dred Scott

Roger Taney

John Crittenden

Jefferson Davis

Abraham Lincoln


Southern nationalism

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

The Impending Crisis of the South

New England Immigrant Aid Society

Pottawatomie Creek Massacre

Lecompton Constitution

“Bleeding Kansas”

Know-Nothing party

Dred Scott decision

Panic of 1857

Lincoln-Douglas debates

Freeport Doctrine

Harpers Ferry Raid

“Beecher’s Bibles”

Crittenden Compromise


1.  What were the implications of the Dred Scott decision for:

            a. the status of free blacks in the United States?

            b. the concept of popular sovereignty?

            c. the future of slavery in America?


2.  Rank the following in order of their importance to the coming of the Civil War: Kansas-Nebraska Act, Dred Scott decision, John Brown’s raid, Lincoln’s election.  Justify your ranking.


3.  Compare and contrast the criticism in Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin to Helper’s The Impending Crisis of the South.  Which had more dramatic effect on public opinion?  Why?


4.  In Varying Viewpoints, the authors argue that both Northerners and Southerners saw their way of life threatened.  How and why could both feel this way?


Chap 18 – Renewing the Sectional Struggle, 1848-1854

Ids & Questions


Stephen A. Douglas

Franklin Pierce

Zachary Taylor

John C. Calhoun

Winfield Scott

Martin Van Buren

Daniel Webster

Matthew C. Perry

Harriet Tubman

William H. Seward

Henry Clay

Millard Fillmore

Popular Sovereignty


Free Soil party

Fugitive Slave Law

“personal liberty laws”

Underground Railroad

Compromise of 1850

“fire eaters”

Ostend Manifesto

“higher law”

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Gadsen Purchase

Treaty of Wanghia


1.  Explain the widespread popularity of the concept of popular sovereignty as a way to resolve the issue of slavery in the territories.  Then explain why it ultimately failed.


2.  To what extent was the Kansas-Nebraska Act a serious mistake for southern interests.


3.  The authors argue that the North “got the better of the Compromise of 1850.”  Do you agree?  Why or why not?


Chap 17 Ids and Questions


John Tyler

John Slidell

Winfield Scott

Zachary Taylor

James K. Polk

Stephen W. Kearny

John C. Fremont

Santa Anna

William Henry Harrison

Manifest Destiny

Webster-Ashburton Treaty

“spot” resolutions

Tariff of 1842

Bear Flag Revolt

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

Liberty party

Aroostook War

Wilmot Proviso


Oregon fever


Rio Grande


1.  Given the great enthusiasm for territorial expansion, why did the “all of Mexico” movement fail?


2.  Write your definition of national interest.  Then use this definition to argue that the Webster-Ashburton Treaty or the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo did or did not serve the national interests of the United States.


3.  List the following items in order of their importance as contributors to American expansion to the Pacific: land hunger, trade opportunities, suspicion of British intentions, Manifest Destiny.  Justify your ranking and explain how each item contributed to territorial expansion. 



Chapter 16 – The South and the Slavery Controversy, 1793 – 1860

Ids & Questions


Harriet Beecher Stowe

William Lloyd Garrison

Denmark Vesey

David Walker

Nat Turner

Sojourner Truth

Frederick Douglass

Elijah P. Lovejoy



“positive good”


Mulatto population

Cotton Kingdom

The Liberator

American Anti-Slavery Society

Peculiar institution

Liberty Party

Gag Resolution

American Colonization Society

Uncle Tom’s Cabin


  1.  What would be your view on slavery if you were a typical
    1.  Planter aristocrat
    2. Small slaveowner
    3. Nonslaveowning white
    4. Mountain southerner
    5. Free black

Answer for each.


  1.  It has been argued that both Britain and the North were tied to the South with “cotton threads”  Explain.
  2. Assess the validity of the following statement, “slaves were better off than both wage earners in northern industry and free blacks back in Africa.”  Do you agree?  Why or why not?


Chap 15 – The Ferment of Reform and Culture, 190-1860
Ids & Questions

Dorothea Dix
Stephen Foster
James Russell Lowell
Washington Irving
Oliver Wendall Holmes
Lucretia Mott
James Fenimore Cooper
Elizabeth Blackwell
Horace Mann
Noah Webster
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Sylvester Graham
Edgar Allan Poe
Susan B. Anthony
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Robert Owen
Henry David Thoreau
Herman Melville
Charles G. Finney
William H. McGuffey
Joseph Smith
Emma Willard
Walt Whitman
John J. Audubon
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Louisa May Alcott
Gilbert Stuart
Margaret Fuller
Brigham Young
Phineas T. Barnum
American Temperance Society
Maine Law
Second Great Awakening
Hudson River School
Women’s Rights Convention
Knickerbocker Group
Burned-Over District
Declaration of Sentiments
Onieda Community

1. How do the Knickerbocker group, Hudson River school, and transcendentalists all reflect “nationalism” of early-nineteenth-century America? What particularly “American” values did each reflect?
2. Why were women prominenet in the reform crusades of the early nineteenth century? What contribution did they make to social reform?
3. How did each of the following encourage social reform: Second Great Awakening, industrialization, nostalgia for the past?
4. In the reform movements of the first half of the 1800s, historians have regarded some reformers in the abolitionist movement not so much as heroes, but as people who sought social control. What is your opinion?


Chap 14 Ids and Questions

Samuel Slater
Cyrus McCormick
Eli Whitney
Robert Fulton
Samuel F.B. Morse
DeWitt Clinton
Catherine Beecher
George Catlin
Industrial revolution
Limited liability
Transportation revolution
Cult of domesticity
Ecological imperialism
Factory system
Market revolution
Domestic feminism
Interchangeable parts
Rugged individualism
Cotton gin
Clipper ships
Boston Associates
“Molly Maguires”
General Incorporation Law
Pony Express
Commonwealth v. Hunt
Tammany Hall
Sewing machine
Know Nothing Party
Kentucky Bluegrass
“twisting the lion’s tail”

1. To what extent did each of the following play in the development of industrialization of the American economy: technology, immigration, investment, government aid, and internal improvements?

2. To what extent did the impact of industrialization, urbanization, and transportation revolution have on the development of American agriculture?

3. Explain the impact of the market revolution on American workers, including women.


Chap 13 – The Rise of Jackson Democracy, 1824-1830
Ids & Questions

Andrew Jackson
John C. Calhoun
Henry Clay
Martin Van Buren
William Crawford
John Quincy Adams
Daniel Webster
Nicholas Biddle
Stephen Austin
William Harrison
Sam Houston
John Tyler
Santa Anna
Common man
Spoils system
Wildcat banks
Minority president
National Republicans
Anti-Masonic party
Twelfth Amendment
“King Mob”
“corrupt bargain”
Tariff of Abominations
South Carolina Exposition
Tariff of 1832
Specie Circular
Tariff of 1833
“Trail of Tears”
Panic of 1837
Force Bill
Bank of the United States
Lone Star
Independent treasury
Democratic Party
“pet” banks
Whig Party
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Five Civilized Tribes

1. To what extent was Andrew Jackson a states’ rightist? To what extent was he a nationalist?

2. Did the national government or the state of South Carolina “win” the nullification crisis? Justify your answer.

3. To what extent does American democracy have on free-market capitalism? What role did class play in Jacksonian democracy?


Unit 2 Test (Chap 7-12) DBQ - Document Based Question


Unit 2 test (Chap 7-12) FRQ - Free Response Question


Unit 2 (Chap 7-12) Multiple Choice test


Chap 12
The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism, 1812-1824.
Ids & Questions

Oliver Hazard Perry
William Henry Harrison
Francis Scott Key
Andrew Jackson
Washington Irving
James Fenimore Cooper
John C. Calhoun
John Quincy Adams
Daniel Webster
Henry Clay
Peculiar institution
Protective tariff
Internal improvements
Second Bank of the United States
McCulloch v. Maryland
Tariff of 1816
Cohens v. Virginia
American System
Gibbons v. Ogden
Fletcher v. Peck
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Era of Good Feelings
Panic of 1819
Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819
Monroe Doctrine
Missouri Compromise
Treaty of Ghent
Hartford Convention

1. The Text’s authors crown John Marshall as “the foremost of the Molding Fathers,” whereas a contemporary newspaper editorial condemned him as “a man whose political doctrines led him always…to strengthen government at the expense of the people.” Which point of view do you think has the most substance? Why?

2. Which do you think was the most significant event of the decade following the Treaty of Ghent: panic of 1819, McCulloch v. Maryland, Florida Purchase Treaty, Missouri Compromise, Monroe Doctrine? Justify your selection.

3. Assess the validity of the following statement, “America may not have fought the war as one nation, but it emerged as one nation.”


Chap 11 – The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic, 1800-1812
Ids & Questions

Thomas Jefferson
James Monroe
William Clark
Albert Gallatin
Robert R. Livingston
Zebulon Pike
John Marshall
Napoleon Bonaparte
Aaron Burr
William Marbury
James Madison
Toussaint L’Ouverture
Samuel Chase
Meriwether Lewis
Henry Clay
John Quincy Adams
Sally Hemings
James Wilkinson
Judicial review
Economic coercion
Macon’s Bill No. 2
War hawks
Three-fifths compromise
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judiciary Act of 1801
“Revolution of 1800”
“midnight judges”
Chesapeake incident
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Embargo Act of 1807
Louisana Purchase Treaty
Non-Intercourse Act of 1809
Mosquito fleet
Tripolitan War

1. Why do the text’s authors refer to the case Marbury v. Madison as “epochal”? Describe the short- and long-term ramifications of the decision.

2. What basis did Thomas Jefferson have for believing that American Trade could be used as a diplomatic tool? Would you judge his economic coercion policy a failure or a success? Why or why not?
3. Assess the Jefferson presidency. What do you feel were his most important legacies? Explain your choices.


Chap 10 in class question will be on Oct. 3rd.


Chap 10 – Launching the New Ship of State, 1789-1800
Ids & questions

John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
Alexander Hamilton
Henry Knox
John Jay
Citizen Edmond Genet
James Madison
Funding at par
Strict construction
Implied powers
Protective tariff
Excise tax
Compact theory
“loyal opposition”
Bank of the United States
Bill of Rights
French Revolution
Jay’s Treaty
Neutrality Proclamation of 1793
Whiskey Rebellion
Ninth Amendment
Tenth Amendment
Pinckney Treaty
Alien & Sedition Acts
Farewell Address
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Judiciary Act of 1789
Treaty of Grenville
XYZ Affair

1. What were the pros and cons of the creation of a National Bank? What political and constitutional issues were involved in this piece of legislation?

2. Assess the extent to which the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 played a role in shaping American history after 1800?

3. Very early in its national history, the United States established a tradition of isolationism in its foreign policy. How did the Neutrality Proclamation and Washington’s Farewell address contribute to this tradition?


Chap 9 The Confederation and the Constitution, 1776-1790
Ids & Questions

Abigail Adams
Daniel Shays
Alexander Hamilton
James Madison
Thomas Jefferson
Checks and balances
Consent of the governed
States’ rights
Popular sovereignty
Republican motherhood
Loose confederation
Civic virtue
Nonimportation agreements
Constitutional convention
“Great Compromise”
Articles of Confederation
Electoral College
Land Ordinance of 1785
“three-fifths compromise”
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shays’ Rebellion
“large-state plan”
Constitution of the United States
The Federalists
Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom
Continental Congress

1. Why didn’t the leaders of the American Revolution extend their spirit of equality to the abolition of slavery and giving women the right to vote?

2. Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution, especially in regard to the specific powers granted by each to the national government.

3. According to the text’s authors, “In some respects, the hated British Navigation Laws were more disagreeable after independence than before,” What is the basis for their conclusion?


Chap 8 – America Secedes from the Empire, 1775-1783
Ids & questions
George Washington
William Howe
Nathanael Greene
Benedict Arnold
John Burgoyne
Charles Cornwallis
Thomas Paine
Richard Henry Lee
Horatio Gates
John Paul Jones
Thomas Jefferson
Patrick Henry
Comte de Rochambeau
John Jay
Ethan Allen
Natural rights
Popular consent
Civic virtue
Second Continental Congress
Common Sense
Declaration of Independence
Treaty of Paris of 1783
Bunker Hill
Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Yorktown

1. Account for the widespread and enthusiastic colonial reception of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense.
2. Explain why the text’s authors conclude that the Franco-American alliance was “not prompted by a love for America but a realistic concern for the interests of France.” In what ways did the French contribute to colonial independence?
3. The combat of the Revolutionary War began in spring 1775. Why did colonists wait until the summer of 1776 to declare independence?


Chap 7 – The Road to Revolution, 1763-1775 Ids & Questions

John Hancock
George Grenville
Samuel Adams
Charles Townshend
John Adams
Crispus Attucks
Marquis de Lafayette
King George III
Abigail Adams
Benjamin Franklin
Adam Smith
“No taxation without representation”
Non-importation agreement
Internal/ external taxation
“virtual” representation
“enumerated” products
Sons of Liberty & Daughters of Liberty
Quebec Act
Navigation Acts
Declaratory Act
First Continental Congress
Sugar Act
Townsend Acts
Quartering Act
Boston Massacre
Stamp Act
Committees of Correspondence
Admiralty courts
Boston Tea Party
Stamp Act Congress
Intolerable Acts
British East India Company
Battle of Lexington and Concord

1. In what ways were the mercantilist policies of the British burdensome to the colonists? In what ways were they beneficial? From this comparison, draw a conclusion about the effects of mercantilism and the Navigation Laws on British-colonial relations up to 1763.

2. Explain the following quote, “Insurrection of thought usually precedes insurrection of deed.” What does this mean? In what ways is this generalization an accurate description of the coming of the American Revolutionary War?

3. Compare and Contrast the advantages and disadvantages of the British and the colonists, respectively, as the American Revolutionary War began? What would Britain have to do to win? What would the colonists have to do to win?


Chap 6 – The Duel for North America, 1608 – 1763
Ids & Questions

Identify and state the historical significance of the following:

Samuel de Champlain
William Pitt
Antoine Cadillac
Robert de La Salle
Edward Braddock
Louis XIV
Benjamin Franklin
George Washington
Seven Years’ War (French and Indian War)
Albany Congress
Proclamation of 1763
Coureurs de bois
Salutary neglect
War of Jenkin’s Ear
Fort Duquesne
Fort Necessity

Essay Questions

1. Why did the Ohio Valley become the arena of conflict between the French and British in America?

2. Compare and contrast the reasons for unity and the reasons for disunity in the American colonies before and after the French and Indian War.

3. To what extent did the Seven Years’ War (French and Indian War) help cause the American Revolutionary War?


Chapter 5 – Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution, 1700-1775 Ids and questions
Define or describe and explain the historical significance of the following:
Jonathan Edwards
Benjamin Franklin
George Whitefield
John Peter Zenger
Phillis Wheatley
John Singleton Copley
Charles Wilson Peale
Andrew Hamilton
Paxton Boys
Great Awakening
Triangular trade
Molasses Act
Naval stores
Praying towns
Congressional Church
Old Lights
New Lights
Essay Questions
1. Assess the extent to which the Great Awakening, an intensely religious movement, contributed to the development of the separation of church and state in America.
2. Early America was not a world of equality and consensus, yet many immigrants poured in, seeing America as a land of opportunity. How could they draw such a conclusion?
3. What were the short term and long term consequences of the American colonists seeking foreign markets for their exports?


Chapter 4 – American Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607 – 1692
Ids & questions
Define or describe and explain the historical significance of the following:

William Berkeley
Nathaniel Bacon
Indentured servitude (servants)
Headright system
Middle passage
“witch hunting”
Freedom dues
Yankee ingenuity
Bacon’s Rebellion
Leisler’s Rebellion
Half-Way Covenant
New England Primer

Essay Questions
1. Argue either that an "American" way of life had emerged by the end of the seventeenth century or that two wholly distinct ways of life, one New England and the other southern, had emerged by the end of the seventeenth century.

2. . Assess the validity of the following statement, “democracy in church government led logically to democracy in political government.”

3. Identify the main cause of Bacon’s Rebellion: resentment felt by backcountry farmers, Governor Berkeley’s Indian policies, or the pressure of the tobacco economy? Justify your choice.


Chapter 3 – Settling the Northern Colonies – 1619-1700 Id’s and questions
Define or describe and explain the historical significance of the following:
John Calvin
Anne Hutchinson
Roger Williams
Henry Hudson
William Bradford
Thomas Hooker
John Winthrop
King Philip (Metacom)
John Cotton
Martin Luther
The “elect”
“visible saints”
Salutary neglect
“city upon a hill”
New England Confederation
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Navigation Laws
Great Migration
Dutch West India Company
Protestant ethic
Mayflower Compact
Fundamental Orders
French Huguenots
Scottish Presbyterians
Church of England
Plymouth Bay
Congregational Church
Pequot War
New Amsterdam

Essay Questions:
1. Assess the validity of the following statement, “Although colonists both north and south were bound together by a common language and a common allegiance to Mother England, they established different patterns of settlement, different economies, different political systems, and even different sets of values.”
HINT: Think about the motives of founders, religious and social orientation, economic pursuits, and political developments.

2. What did John Winthrop mean when he said, “we shall be a city upon a hill.” Did the Massachusetts Bay Colony reach this objective? Why or why not?

3. State and explain your position on whether or not political authority should be used to enforce a particular view of morality. Then explain why you would or would not have been in favor of banishing Roger Williams and/or Anne Hutchinson from Massachusetts Bay.


Chapter 2 – The Planting of English America – 1500-1733 Id’s and questions
Define or describe and explain the historical significance of the following:

Lord De La Warr
John Rolfe
Lord Baltimore
Walter Raleigh
James Oglethorpe
Oliver Cromwell
John Smith
Francis Drake
William Penn
Henry VIII
Elizabeth I
Philip II
Joint-stock company
House of Burgesses
Royal charter
Law of Primogeniture
Indentured servant
Starving time
Sea dogs
Surplus population
Maryland Act of Toleration
Barbados Slave Code
Virginia Company
Iroquois Confederacy
Charles Town
Protestant Reformation
Spanish Armada
Powhatan’s Confederacy

Essay questions
1. In many ways, North Carolina was the least typical of the five plantation colonies. Describe the unique features of colonial North Carolina and explain why this colony was so unlike its southern neighbors.
2. Compare and contrast the ways in which tobacco and sugar affected the social and economic development of colonial America.


Chapter 1 - New World Beginnings – 33,000 B.C. – A.D. 1769 Id’s and questions
Identify or describe and explain the historical significance of each:

Francisco Pizarro
Juan Ponce de Leon
Christopher Columbus
Hernan Cortes
Francisco Coronado
Robert de La Salle
Jacques Cartier
John Cabot
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Bartholomeu Diaz (Dias)
Ferdinand Magellan
Vasco da Gama
Treaty of Tordesillas
“three sister” farming
Mound Builders
Spanish Armada
Pope’s Rebellion
Pueblo Indians
Iroquois Confederacy
St. Augustine, Florida

Essay questions:
1. Describe the impact of Europeans on Native American (Indian) cultures and the impact of native cultures on Europeans. Then explain why it was or was not a good thing that European culture prevailed.
2. Summarize the motives, expectations, problems, and rewards associated with the age of European expansion.
3. Describe what is meant by the Spanish ‘Black Legend.’ What is your assessment of the Spanish impact on North American cultures – positive or negative? Why?


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